Contraception Beaumont TX

Birth Control Options:

Depo-Provera

Depo-Provera is a well-known brand name for medroxyprogesterone, a contraceptive injection for women that contains the hormone progestin. Depo-Provera is given as an injection once every three months. Depo-Provera typically suppresses ovulation, keeping your ovaries from releasing an egg.

Birth Control Pills

Birth Control is a hormonal contraceptive that contains a small amount of man-made estrogen and progestin hormones. These hormones work to inhibit the body’s natural cyclical hormones to prevent pregnancy.

Birth Control Pills TX | Contraception

Birth control pills are prescribed by a physician after a physical examination. The doctor determines which type of hormonal method of contraception is appropriate for each individual. Most methods of oral contraception require the individual to take one birth control pill on a daily basis, or on a schedule determined by the physician. In order for the pill to be effective, it must be taken daily or as directed by a doctor.

Benefits of Oral Contraception

While the main benefit of oral contraception is the prevention of pregnancy, oral contraceptives may be used to treat other medical conditions, including:

  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Acne
  • Endometriosis
  • Dysmenorrhea (painful uterine bleeding)
  • Hirsutism
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

Some forms of oral contraception may be used for emergency contraception. These pills may contain strong hormones and may be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy.

Risks of Oral Contraception

While most methods of oral contraception are safe, there are risks, which may include the following:

  • Irregular bleeding
  • Heart attack
  • Blood clot
  • Headache
  • Weight gain
  • Stroke
  • High blood pressure

Hormonal methods of birth control do not provide any protection against HIV or sexually transmitted diseases. Women who are older than the age of 35 or who smoke have a much higher risk of heart attack or stroke when using hormonal birth control methods. Women who are pregnant should not take any form of oral contraceptive.

No contraception method is 100 percent effective. Women should consult with their doctors about the different types of oral contraception available, and to get answers to any questions they may have about contraception and family planning.

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Intrauterine Device

How IUD’s Work: Both types of IUDs work primarily by preventing sperm from fertilizing an egg. The copper IUD releases copper into the uterus, which works as a spermicide. The others release a form of the hormone progestin into the uterus. The progestin thickens the cervical mucus so that sperm can’t reach the egg.

Birth Control Pills TX | Contraception

Skyla

Skyla (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) is a hormone-releasing IUD that prevents pregnancy for up to 3 years.

Mirena

Mirena is an intrauterine device (IUD) that’s over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. It’s made of soft, flexible plastic and placed into your uterus by your healthcare provider during a routine office visit.

Mirena releases small amounts of hormone directly into the uterus and lasts as long as YOU want, for up to 5 years. It is important to note that Mirena is recommended for women who have had a child. Mirena does not protect against HIV or STDs. For those women who have heavy periods, Mirena has also been shown to reduce menstrual flow.

If you have a tendency to develop pelvic infections or have certain cancers, Mirena may not be the right choice for you.


Contraception is any method of birth control used to prevent pregnancy. A woman has many birth control options; which are appropriate depend on her age, overall health and lifestyle. Contraception can be permanent or temporary. Some types of contraception are more effective than others, and it is up to each woman to decide which type is right for her.

During a woman’s monthly cycle, the ovaries produce an egg that moves through the fallopian tubes into the uterus. When an active sperm reaches and fertilizes the egg, it attaches to the wall of the uterus and begins to develop. There are various methods of contraception that prevent pregnancy, some by changing the process of a woman’s cycle, and some by ensuring that the sperm and egg do not meet.

Methods of Contraception

There are two basic types of contraception available. Some are available by prescription only, and others can be purchased over the counter, at a pharmacy.

Barrier Methods

A barrier method of contraception places a barrier or block between the sperm and the egg, thus preventing pregnancy from occurring. Common barrier methods include:

  • Cervical cap
  • Diaphragm
  • Sponge
  • Condom

Condoms and sponges may be purchased over the counter, but diaphragms and cervical caps must be prescribed and fitted by a physician. Spermicide, a substance that kills sperm, can be used in conjunction with all barrier methods except the sponge, which already contains a spermicide.

Hormonal Methods

Hormonal methods of birth control use hormones to prevent pregnancy. Most methods use estrogen or progestin, or a combination of the two. Both hormones prevent a woman’s body from ovulating or releasing an egg. In addition, progestin causes the mucus within the cervix to thicken, making it difficult for the sperm to reach the egg. Common hormonal methods of birth control include:

  • Birth control pills
  • Injections
  • Vaginal ring
  • Patch
  • Implant
  • IUD

Hormonal methods of birth control are prescribed by a physician after a physical examination. The doctor determines which type of hormonal method of contraception is appropriate for each individual. Birth control pills must be taken on a daily basis, or on a schedule determined by the physician. In order for birth control pills to be effective, they must be taken daily or as directed by a doctor. Other types of hormonal methods, such as a vaginal ring, implant or IUD, are surgically implanted into the woman’s cervix or uterus, and release a steady stream of hormones.

To be effective, both barrier and hormonal methods of contraception must be used consistently and correctly.

Risks of Contraception

In general, hormonal methods of birth control have more risks associated with them than barrier methods.

Barrier Methods

Although most barrier methods of birth control are safe, they are associated with the following risks:

  • Vaginal or cervical irritation
  • Allergic reaction to spermicides
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Allergic reaction to latex

It is important to note that condoms are the only method of contraception that provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases and HIV.

Hormonal Methods

Although most methods of hormonal birth control are safe, they are associated with the following risks:

  • Irregular bleeding
  • Heart attack
  • Skin or vaginal irritation
  • Blood clots
  • Headache
  • Weight gain
  • Stroke

Women who are older than 35 or who smoke have a much higher risk of heart attack or stroke when using hormonal birth control methods. Hormonal methods of birth control do not provide any protection against the HIV virus or sexually transmitted diseases.

It is important to consider all risks inherent in a particular method of birth control before choosing it.

Considerations of Contraception

Choosing a method of birth control is a personal decision. It is important for a woman to consider the following before deciding which method of birth control is right for her:

  • Age
  • Personal health issues
  • Risks
  • Hormone levels
  • Frequency
  • Effectiveness
  • Permanence

No contraception method is 100 percent effective. Women should consult with their doctors about the different types of oral contraception available, and to get answers to any questions they may have about contraception and family planning.


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