Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, is a problem in which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. This leads to the growth of ovarian cysts (benign masses on the ovaries). PCOS can cause issues with a women’s menstrual cycle, fertility, cardiac function, and appearance. Most women with PCOS grow many small cysts on their ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormone imbalances.